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Pythagoras (c.570–c.497 BC)

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-A103-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved July 13, 2024, from

Article Summary

Pythagoras of Samos was an early Greek sage and religious innovator. He taught the kinship of all life and the immortality and transmigration of the soul. Pythagoras founded a religious community of men and women in southern Italy that was also of considerable political influence. His followers, who became known as Pythagoreans, went beyond these essentially religious beliefs of the master to develop philosophical, mathematical, astronomical, and musical theories with which they tended to credit Pythagoras himself. The tradition established by Pythagoras weaves through much of Greek philosophy, leaving its mark particularly on the thought of Empedocles, Plato, and later Platonists.

Citing this article:
Schibli, Hermann S.. Pythagoras (c.570–c.497 BC), 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-A103-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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