Anscombe, G.E.M. (1959) An Introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus
, London: Hutchinson.
(A stimulating, although in parts quite difficult, discussion of many of the central ideas of the Tractatus.)
Baker, G.P. and Hacker, P.M.S. (1980, 1988, 1990) An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Oxford: Blackwell, 3 vols.
(An immensely detailed commentary, informed by extensive knowledge of the Wittgenstein papers. The third volume is by P.M.S. Hacker alone.)
Boghossian, P. (1989) ‘The Rule-Following Considerations’, Mind
(An overview and critical commentary on the discussion of rule-following sparked by Kripke’s work.)
Budd, M. (1989) Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Psychology, London: Routledge.
(A clear survey of Wittgenstein’s views on a variety of psychological topics.)
Canfield, J.V. (1986–8) The Philosophy of Wittgenstein, New York and London: Garland Publishing Company, 15 vols.
(A useful collection of articles on all aspects of Wittgenstein’s philosophy.)
Carruthers, P. (1990) The Metaphysics of the Tractatus, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(Contains extensive consideration of determinacy of sense and the related topic of simple objects.)
Cavell, S. (1976) ‘Must We Mean What We Say’, in his collection of essays of the same title, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(One of the most important and helpful early papers on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy.)
Cavell, S. (1979) The Claim of Reason, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(Subtle and stimulating book on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. The elaborate style takes some getting used to.)
Conant, J. (2000) ‘The Method of the Tractatus’, in E.
Reck (ed.), From Frege to Wittgenstein: Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(The fullest presentation of his arguments for a resolute reading of the Tractatus.)
Crary, A. and Read, R. (2000) The New Wittgenstein, London: Routledge.
(A useful collection of papers, exploring the resolute reading of the Tractatus and stressing similarities between Wittgenstein’s earlier and later thoughts.)
Diamond, C. (1991) ‘Throwing Away the Ladder: How to Read the Tractatus’, in her The Realistic Spirit: Wittgenstein, Philosophy and the Mind, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
(An early and influential presentation of the resolute reading of the Tractatus.)
Fogelin, R.J. (1987) Wittgenstein, London: Routledge, 2nd edn.
(A good general book, particularly helpful as an introduction to Wittgenstein’s treatment of logic and mathematics. Also contains a helpful bibliography.)
Hacker, P.M.S. (1986) Insight and Illusion, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edn.
(Another good general book, particularly strong on Wittgenstein’s treatment of the self.)
Heal, J. (1989) Fact and Meaning, Oxford: Blackwell.
(Further discussion of the themes of §§10–13.)
Johnston, P. (1993) Wittgenstein: Rethinking the Inner, London: Routledge.
(A reading of Wittgenstein’s later views on mind.)
Kenny, A. (1973) Wittgenstein, London: Allen Lane.
(A good general introduction.)
Kripke, S. (1982) Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language, Oxford: Blackwell.
(An exceptionally clear and gripping exploration of the idea that the rule-following considerations lead to scepticism about meaning.)
McDowell, J. (1984) ‘Wittgenstein on Following a Rule’, Synthèse
(In part a criticism of Kripke (1982), in part an interesting exposition of Wittgenstein.)
McGinn, M. (1989) Sense and Certainty: A Dissolution of Scepticism, Oxford: Blackwell.
(A clear account of Wittgenstein’s views on knowledge and certainty, expanding on the points in §17 above.)
McGuinness, B. (1988) Wittgenstein: A Life, Young Ludwig 1889–1921, London: Duckworth.
(Biographical study, containing much on Wittgenstein’s intellectual background which is not in Monk’s book and culminating in a chapter on the Tractatus.)
Monk, R. (1990) Ludwig Wittgenstein, London: Jonathan Cape.
(A full and illuminating biography.)
Pears, D. (1987) The False Prison, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(A two-volume study containing much interesting discussion of the transition period and the private language argument.)
Wright, C. (1980) Wittgenstein on the Foundations of Mathematics, London: Duckworth.
(Extended exploration of the idea that Wittgenstein should be seen as an antirealist or as a conventionalist.)