Version: v1, Published online: 1998
Retrieved March 26, 2019, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/thematic/psyche/v-1
Conventionally translated ‘soul’, psychē is the standard word in classical Greek for the centre of an animal’s, and especially a human being’s, ‘life’. In its earliest usage (in Homer) psychē is a breath-like material persisting after death as a mere ghost. Its precise reference to the locus of thought and emotion only began under the influence of philosophy. From the beginning of the fourth century bc it became normal to pair and contrast psychē with ‘body’ (soma). The term generated sophisticated discussions. Leading questions include: Is psychē immortal? Is it corporeal or incorporeal? What are its parts or functions?
Long, A.A.. Psychē, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-A099-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/thematic/psyche/v-1.
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