Ayrault, R. (1961) La Genèse du romantisme allemand (The genesis of German Romanticism), Paris: Aubier, 3 vols.
(A thorough historical account of the origins of Romanticism.)
Beiser, F. (1992) Enlightenment, Revolution and Romanticism: the Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790–1800, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(Chapters 8 to 11 place early German Romanticism in its social and political context).
Behler, E. (1992) Frühromantik (Early Romanticism), Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
(A useful survey that treats Romanticism as a literary movement.)
Bowie, A. (1997) From Romanticism to Critical Theory, London: Routledge.
(Explores the origin of German Romanticism and the development of Romantic literary theory, tracing its continuation into the work of Heidegger, Benjamin and Adorno.)
Haym, R. (1870) Die romantische Schule (The Romantic School), Berlin: Gaertner.
(A brilliant classic, still the most substantial work on the early history of Romanticism.)
Heine, H. (1833) Die romantische Schule (The Romantic School), Stuttgart: Reclam, 1976.
(Witty and provocative critique of the Romantic movement.)
Huch, R. (1924) Die Romantik (The Romantic), Leipzig: Haessel.
(Perceptive study of central themes of Romanticism from its birth to its decline.)
Izenberg, G. (1992) Impossible Individuality: Romanticism, Revolution, and the Origins of Modern Selfhood, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
(A study of the early Romantic concept of the self in Germany, France and England.)
Kluckhohn, P. (1941) Das Ideengut der deutschen Romantik (The ideas of German Romanticism), Tübingen: Niemeyer.
(Introductory thematic treatment of central philosophical themes of early Romanticism.)
Pikulik, L. (1992) Frühromantik (Early Romanticism), Munich: Beck.
(Very useful survey of some of the basic works and themes of early Romanticism.)
Prang, H. (1968) Begriffsbestimmung der Romantik (Conceptual determination of the Romantic), Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
(Useful anthology of essays dealing with the definition and historiography of Romanticism.)
Prawer, S. (1970) The Romantic Period in Germany, New York: Schocken.
(A helpful anthology on the literary and aesthetic dimension of Romanticism.)
Schelling, F.W.J. (1798) Von der Weltseele, eine Hypothese der höheren Physik zur Erklärung des allgemeinen Organismus (On the world-soul: a hypothesis of higher physics in order to explain the general organism), Hamburg: Perthes; repr. in Sämmtliche Werke, ed.
1856–61, vol. 2, 345–583.
(Explanation of organic nature in terms of a general dualism of opposing forces.)
Schmitt, C. (1925) Politische Romantik (The Political Romantic), Munich: Duncker & Humblot.
(Influential and controversial interpretation of Romanticism arguing that the movement was essentially a-political.)
Seyhan, A. (1992) Representation and its Discontents: The Critical Legacy of German Romanticism, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
(An incisive treatment of the aesthetic and critical dimension of Romanticism.)
Silz, W. (1929) Early German Romanticism, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
(A clear and straightforward account of early Romanticism that exposes many anachronistic interpretations.)
Walzel, O. (1918) Deutsche Romantik, Leipzig: Teubner; trans.
Lussky as German Romanticism, New York: Putnam.
(Incisive treatment of the philosophical aspects of early Romanticism.)