Truth, correspondence theory of

DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-N064-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved May 19, 2024, from

References and further reading

  • Aristotle (c. mid 4th century) Metaphysics, in R. McKeon (ed.) Basic Works of Aristotle, New York: Random House, 1941.

    (At 1011b26, the author states the earliest correspondence-as-correlation theory of truth in Western philosophy.)

  • Austin, J.L. (1950) ‘Truth’, in J.O. Urmson and G.J. Warnock (eds) Philosophical Papers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

    (A modern correspondence-as-correlation theory, originally published in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society supplement to vol. 24: 111– 28.)

  • Bealer, G. (1982) Quality and Concept, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

    (Pages 11 and 186–203 offer a contemporary correspondence-as-congruence theory that identifies the fundamental elements of thoughts with the fundamental elements of states of affairs.)

  • Kant, I. (1781) The Critique of Pure Reason, trans. N. Kemp Smith, New York: St Martin’s Press, 1929.

    (The author’s words at A58 suggest a correspondence theory, which in light of the rest of his views could not be taken as implying ontological realism.)

  • Kirkham, R.L. (1992) Theories of Truth: A Critical Introduction, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

    (An introduction to theories of truth. Chapter 4 expands on the issues in this entry.)

  • McTaggart, J. McT.E. (1921) The Nature of Existence, vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Pages 10–37 present the author’s correspondence theory in the context of his ontological anti-realism.)

  • Pitcher, G. (1964) Truth, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    (The only anthology of theories of truth in print. Somewhat dated, but still valuable.)

  • Plato (c. 366–360) Sophist, in E. Hamilton and H. Cairns (eds) Plato: The Collected Dialogues, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1961.

    (At 262E–263D the Stranger presents the Western world’s first theory of truth.)

  • Russell, B. (1912) The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (The chapter on ‘Truth’ is the prototypical modern correspondence-as-congruence theory.)

  • Sellars, W. (1963) Science, Perception and Reality, New York: Humanities Press.

    (Another modern example of an ontological anti-realist endorsing a correspondence theory.)

Citing this article:
Kirkham, Richard L.. Bibliography. Truth, correspondence theory of, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-N064-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2024 Routledge.

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