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10.4324/9780415249126-DC121-1
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2020
DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-DC121-1
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Retrieved April 17, 2024, from https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/thematic/psychologism/v-1

References

  • Bauch, B. (1917) Immanuel Kant, Berlin and Leipzig: Göschen. (Interpretation of Kant that privileges the ‘Critique of Judgement’ and makes evident the ‘objectivist’ radicalisation of anti-psychologism.)

  • Beneke, F.E. (1833) Die Philosophie in ihrem Verhältnis zur Erfahrung, zur Spekulation und zum Leben, Berlin: Posen und Bromberg. (Classic of the reductionist variant of the psychological method and psychologism.)

  • Blumenberg, H. (1959) ‘Transzendenz und Immanenz’, in H. von Campenhausen, E. Dinkler, G. Gloeger, and K. Galling (eds), Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Handwörterbuch für Theologie und Religionswissenschaft, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, pp. 989–997. (Definition of the immanence principle.)

  • Bolzano, B. (1834) ‘Der Briefwechsel B. Bolzano’s mit F. Exner’, in E. Winter (ed.), Bernhard Bolzano’s Schriften, Prague: Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 1935. (Important document on the origins of the opposition between psychologism and objectivism.)

  • Bolzano, B. (1837) Wissenschaftslehre. Versuch einer ausführlichen und grösstenteils neue Darstellung der Logik mit steter Rücksicht auf deren bisherige Bearbeiter, Sulzbach: J.E. Seidelschen Buchhandlung. (Classic on logical realism and its characteristic anti-psychologism.)

  • Bosanquet, B. (1888) Logic or the Morphology of Knowledge, Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Idealist logic that documents the English reception of German logic.)

  • Bradley, F.H. (1883) The Principles of Logic, London: Oxford University Press. (Idealist logic that contains one of the first registers of English anti-psychologism.)

  • Braunstein, J.-F. (2012) ‘The French Invention of “Psychologisme” in 1828’, Revue d’histoire des sciences 65(2): 197–212. (Historical revision of the Psychologismusstreit that shows French antecedents.)

  • Brentano, F. (1874) Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt, Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag, 1971. (Classic of the descriptive tradition of the psychological method, wherein a notion of intentionality is reintroduced and a response to Husserl’s critique of psychologism is found in one of its appendices.)

  • Brentano, F. (1925) Versuch über die Erkenntnis, Leipzig: Felix Meiner Verlag, 1970.

  • Carnap, R. (1928) Der Logische Aufbau der Welt, Leipzig: Felix Meiner Verlag. (Classic of constitution theory from the perspective of logical neo-positivism.)

  • Carnap, R. (1936) ‘Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Wissenschaftslogik’, in Actes du Congrés international de philosophie scientifique, Sorbonne, Paris, Paris: Hermann and Cie, pp. 36–41. (Fundamental text to establish Carnap’s position regarding psychologism.)

  • Carnap, R. (1950) Logical Foundations of Probability, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press and Routledge. (Analysis of the concept of probability from the perspective of logical science, representative of the rejection of psychologism.)

  • Cohen, H. (1871) Kants Theorie der Erfahrung, Berlin: Ferdinand Dümmler, 1885. (Foundational work of Marburgean Neo-Kantianism, which yields the first proposal of the transcendental method and, through its successive editions, makes evident the ripening process of the rejection of psychologism.)

  • Cohen, H. (1877) Kants Begründung der Ethik, Berlin: Ferdinand Dümmler. (Marburgean interpretation of Kantian ethics and first document of mature Marburgean anti-psychologism.)

  • Cohen, H. (1881) ‘Einleitung’, in F.A. Lange, Geschichte des Materialismus und Kritik seiner Bedeutung in der Gegenwart, Iserlohn and Leipzig: Baedeker, 1887. (Important for understanding the historical horizon of Marburgean Neo-Kantianism, in which the transcendental method is proposed.)

  • Cohen, H. (1902) Logik der reinen Erkenntnis, Berlin: Bruno Cassirer Verlag, 1922. (Evidence of the logicist radicalisation process of Marburgean Neo-Kantianism.)

  • Couturat, L. (1906) ‘La Logique et la philosophie contemporaine’, Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 14(3): 318–341. (Important text for the French revival of the question of psychologism at the turn of the century.)

  • Drobisch, M.W. (1834) Beiträge zur Orientierung über Herbarts System der Philosophie, Leipzig: Verlag von Leopold Voss. (Synthesis work of one of the main exponents of the Herbartian school and containing one of the first documents of the German Psychologismusstreit.)

  • Drobisch, M.W. (1842) Empirische Psychologie nach naturwissenschaftlicher Methode, Leipzig: Verlag von Leopold Voss. (Reworking of Herbartian psychology that contains some paradigmatic texts of the first phase of German Psychologismusstreit.)

  • Erdmann, B. (1892) Logik: Logische Elementarlehre, Halle: Verlag von Max Niemeyer. (Classic text of logical psychologism derived from the logische Frage.)

  • Fischer, K. (1862) Die beiden kantischen Schulen in Jena, Stuttgart: Cottascher Verlag. (Fundamental text for the beginning of the controversy around psychologism in Neo-Kantianism.)

  • Frege, G. (1884) Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik. Eine logisch mathematische Untersuchung über den Begriff der Zahl, ed. Christian Thiel, Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag, 1988. (Informal exposition of the logical derivation of number and first Fregean text that introduces distinctions and innovative arguments in the controversy surrounding psychology.)

  • Frege, G. (1893) Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, Jena: Pohl. (Formal and most complete realisation of the logicist programme and exhibition of Fregean anti-psychologism.)

  • Frege, G. (1897) ‘Logik’, in G. Gabriel (ed.), Schriften zur Logik und Sprachphilosophie. Aus dem Nachlass, Hamburg: Meiner, 1980. (Fundamental text for the philosophy of Fregean logic, including its anti-psychologism, and anticipating in several respects the subsequent essay Der Gedanke.)

  • Frege, G. (1918) ‘Der Gedanke’, in G. Patzig (ed.), Logische Untersuchungen, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 3. Auflage, 1986. (Mature text of Fregean epistemology and philosophy of logic, including its anti-psychologism.)

  • Fries, J.F. (1803) Reinhold, Fichte und Schelling, Leipzig: August Lebrecht Reineicke. (First expression of the Friesean reaction to the speculative orientation of post-Kantian philosophy.)

  • Fries, J.F. (1824) System der Metaphysik. Ein Handbuch für Lehrer und zum Selbstgebrauch, Heidelberg: Christian Friedrich Winter. (Synthesizes the essential points of metaphysics conceived as a system of a priori principles and underlines its empirical-psychological foundation.)

  • Fries, J.F. (1840) Die Geschichte der Philosophie dargestellt nach den Fortschritten ihrer wissenschaftlichen Entwicklung, Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses. (Locates Fries’s philosophy in a historical-philosophical perspective, taking critical distance from his rivals (among them Beneke).)

  • Godden, D. (2005) ‘Psychologism in the Logic of John Stuart Mill: Mill on the Subject Matter and Foundations of Ratiocinative Logic’, Journal of the History and Philosophy of Logic 26(2): 115–143. (Text that combats some simplifications regarding Millean psychologism.)

  • Heidegger, M. (1927) ‘Letter to Husserl 22.10.1927’, in E. Husserl, Psychological and Transcendental Phenomenology and the Confrontation with Heidegger (1927–1931), ed. T. Sheehan and R.E. Palmer, Dordrecht, Boston, and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997. (Documents the Heideggerian turn to facticity.)

  • Herbart, J.F. (1816) Lehrbuch zur Psychologie, ed. G. Hartenstein, Leipzig: Verlag von Leopold Voss, 1882. (One of the foundational works of psychology as science and expression of an extremely influential school in the nineteenth century.)

  • Herbart, J.F. (1830) Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung, Nr. 6. 42–48; Nr. 7. 49–54. (Document of the first expressions of the Psychologismusstreit between Herbart and Beneke.)

  • Höfler, A. (1906) ‘Sind wir Psychologisten?’ in Atti die V Convegno internazionale de Psicologia, Rome: Forzani, pp. 322–328. (Expression of the reaction to the criticism of psychologism in a thinker close to Meinong.)

  • Husserl, E. (1900) Logische Untersuchungen. Prolegomena zur reinen Logik, Husserliana 18, ed. E. Holenstein, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975. (Classic work, absolute reference for the Psychologismusstreit and its study and that has decisively conditioned its understanding.)

  • Husserl, E. (1903) Besprechung von M. Palágyi. Der Streit der Psychologisten und Formalisten in der modernen Logik, Husserliana 22, ed. B. Rang, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1979. (Husserl’s response to critical reaction to the Prolegomena.)

  • Husserl, E. (1906–7) Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie, Husserliana 24, ed. U. Melle, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987. (Beginning of Husserl’s path to transcendental phenomenology and his new variant of anti-psychologism.)

  • Husserl, E. (1911) Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft, Husserliana 25, ed. T. Nenon and H.R. Sepp, Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987. (Proposal of the constitution of philosophy as a rigorous science that has naturalism and historicism as its main enemies.)

  • Husserl, E. (1913a) Introduction to the Logical Investigations: A Draft of a Preface to the Logical Investigations, ed. Eugen Fink, trans. P. Bossert and C. Peters, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975. (Drafted preface to a new edition of the Logical Investigations that takes a position regarding critical reactions to the first edition of said work.)

  • Husserl, E. (1913b) Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Erstes Buch: Allgemeine Einführung in die reine Phänomenologie, Husserliana 3, ed. K. Schuhmann. Nachdruck. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1976. (Text that makes the turn to phenomenological idealism and transcendental phenomenology.)

  • Husserl, E. (1925/1927–31) Phänomenologische Psychologie, Husserliana 9, ed. W. Biemel, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1962. (Set of texts in which Husserl repeatedly returns to discuss the relationship between psychology and phenomenology.)

  • Kerry, B. (1887) ‘Über Anschauung und ihre psychische Verarbeitung’, Vierter Artikel, Vierteljahresschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie 11: 249–307. (Proposal of a philosophy of mathematics based on the psychological method of Brentanian inspiration and critical criticism of Frege’s logic and anti-psychologism.)

  • Lipps, T. (1880) ‘Die Aufgabe der Erkenntnistheorie und die Wundt‘sche Logik’, Philosophische Monatshefte 16: 529–539. (Representative text of the internal controversies between variants of psychologism.)

  • Lipps, T. (1883) Grundtatsachen des Seelenlebens, Bonn: Verlag von Max Cohen und Sohn. (Work that can be considered the greatest expression of the psychologism of the 1880s.)

  • Lipps, T. (1893) Grundzüge der Logik, Hamburg and Leipzig: Verlag von Leopold Voss. (Work that can be considered the greatest expression of logical psychologism of the 1880s.)

  • Locke, J. (1689–90) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, collected and annotated by Alexander Campbell Fraser, New York: Dover, 1950. (Foundational work of English empiricism that inaugurates the ‘way of ideas’ and that exerted a decisive influence on the predominant role of the principle of immanence in modern philosophy.)

  • Lotze, H. (1874) Logik. Drei Bücher vom Denken vom Untersuchen und vom Erkennen, ed. G. Misch, Leipzig: Felix Meiner Verlag, 1912. (One of the most influential logics of the nineteenth century that makes the classical interpretation of platonic ideas from the idea of validity (Geltung).)

  • Marty, A. (1908) Untersuchungen zur Grundlegung der allgemeinen Grammatik und Sprachphilosophie, Halle: Verlag von Max Niemeyer. (Language philosophy founded on the Brentanian psychological-descriptive method that opposes the accusations of psychologism directed at such a method.)

  • Meinong, A. (1902) Über Annahmen, Leipzig: J.A. Barth. (Meinong’s work of rupture with the Brentanian theory of psychic acts that requires his position against psychologism.)

  • Meinong, A. (1904) ‘Über Gegenstandstheorie’, in A. Meinong (ed.), Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandtheorie und Psychologie, Leipzig: J.A. Barth. (Influential work of Brentano’s heterodox disciple who reformulates the primacy of psychology in philosophy fighting psychologism without completely abandoning the psychological method.)

  • Meyer, J.B. (1870) Kants Psychologie. Dargestellt und erörtert, Berlin: Verlag von Wilhelm Hertz. (First great synthesis about the controversies about psychological method and psychologism that will constitute reference work of all the later Neo-Kantian discussion.)

  • Mill, J.S. (1865) An examination of Sir William Hamilton’s philosophy, London and Toronto: Routledge and University of Toronto Press, 1979. (Mill’s criticism of the psychological method of the Scottish school.)

  • Mill, J.S. (1869) System of Logic: Raciocinative and Inductive, New York: Harper and Brother Publishers. (Work that offers a logic of an inductivist orientation based on a radicalisation of empiricism which will have decisive influence in the nineteenth century, being considered by some as a model of logical psychologism.)

  • Moore, G.E. (1899) ‘The Nature of Judgment’, Mind 8(30): 176–193. (Decisive text in overcoming the idealistic theory of judgement and elaborating a realistic alternative.)

  • Moore, G.E. (1903) ‘The Refutation of Idealism’, Mind 12(48): 433–453. (Classic work of English realist anti-psychologism that takes it to its maximum expression.)

  • Natorp, P. (1887) ‘Über objektive und subjektive Begründung der Erkenntnis’, Philosophische Monatsheft 23: 257–286. (Defence of the necessary priority of transcendental reflection against any subjective-psychological approach to knowledge.)

  • Natorp, P. (1888) Einleitung in die Psychologie nach kritischer Methode, Freiburg: J.C.B. Mohr (Pauls Siebeck). (Establishment of the programme of a theory of subjectivity according to anti-psychologism.)

  • Natorp, P. (1901) ‘Zur Frage der logischen Methode. M. Bez. auf E. Husserls Prolegomena zur reinen Logik’, Kant Studien 6: 270–283. (One of the first reactions to the Husserlian Prolegomena from a relevant contemporary and direct interlocutor of Husserl.)

  • Natorp, P. (1911) Philosophie. Ihr Problem und ihre Probleme. Einführung in den kritischen Idealismus, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht. (Introductory exposition to philosophy in the Marburgean perspective.)

  • Natorp, P. (1912a) Allgemeine Psychologie nach kritischer Methode, Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Pauls Siebeck). (The most mature expression of the realisation of the programme of a theory of subjectivity consistent with Marburgean anti-psychologism and based on the reconstructive method.)

  • Natorp, P. (1912b) ‘Kant und die Marburger Schule’, Kant Studien 17: 196–221. (Most influential programmatic manifesto of Kant’s Marburgean interpretation.)

  • Natorp, P. (1918) ‘Bruno Bauchs “Immanuel Kant” und die Fortbildung des Systems des Idealismus’, Kant Studien 22: 426–459. (Document of the existence of a controversy between different variants of anti-psychologism within Neo-Kantianism.)

  • Notturno, M.A. (1985) Objectivity, Rationality and the Third Realm: Justification and the Grounds of Psychologism. A Study of Frege and Popper, Dordrecht, Boston and Lancaster: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. (Decisive text for establishing the link between Frege’s and Popper’s third realm.)

  • Palagy, M. (1902) Der Streit des Psychologisten und Formalisten in der modernen Logik, Leipzig: Engelmann. (One of the most important reactions to the anti-psychologism of the Husserlian Prolegomena among his contemporaries.)

  • Pelletier, F., Elio, R., and Hanson, P. (2008) ‘Is Logic All In Our Heads: From Naturalism to Psychologism’, Studia Logica 88(1): 3–66. (Discusses the situation of psychologism from a contemporary perspective reconsidering the validity of the arguments provided.)

  • Popper, K. (1935) Logik der Forschung. Zur Erkenntnistheorie der modernen Naturwissenschaft, Wien: Springer. (Discusses the problem of the science-metaphysic demarcation and decisively reviews empiricism by establishing falsifiability as a scientific criterion of a theory, positioning itself with respect to the question of psychologism.)

  • Popper, K. (2005) The Logic of Scientific Discovery, London and New York: Routledge. (English version with an important new preface to the previous work with a position on the problem of psychologism.)

  • Quine, W.V.O. (1969) ‘Epistemology Naturalized’, in Ontological Relativity and Other Essays, New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 69–90. (Essential reference for the naturalisation movement of philosophy and the current status of the issue of psychologism.)

  • Rickert, H. (1896) Die Grenzen der naturwissenschaftlichen Begriffsbildung, 4. Aufl., Tübingen: Mohr, 1921. (One of the most important texts of the Baden school that exemplifies several peculiar positions around psychology.)

  • Russell, B. (1895) ‘Review of G. Heymanns “Die Gesetze und Elemente des wissenschaftlichen Denkens”’, Mind, new series, 4(14): 245–249. (Text that demonstrates Russell’s knowledge of continental to contemporary tradition, especially phenomenology, and the Psychologismusstreit.)

  • Russell, B. (1899) ‘On the Distinction between the Psychological and the Metaphysical Point of View’, in The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell. Volume 1: Cambridge Essays, ed. Kenneth Blackwell, Andrew Brink, and Nicholas Griffin. London: Blackwell, pp. 196–198. (Establishment of an opposition between psychological and metaphysical method or point of view and unequivocal adoption of the second.)

  • Russell, B. (1903) The Principles of Mathematics, London: Routledge, 1992. (Fundamental text for the realisation of the logicist programme that touches on important questions of philosophy of logic and logical realism.)

  • Schlick, M. (1918) Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre, Berlin: Springer. (Discussion from the neo-positivist point of view of the interpretation of the science of Neo-Kantianism and idealism with treatment of the relationship between psychology and logic.)

  • Sigwart, C. (1873–8) Logik, 2 vols, Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Pauls Siebeck), 1904. (A classic of logical psychologism derived from the logische Frage.)

  • Skorupski, J. (1989) John Stuart Mill, London: Routledge. (Important text for the review of the interpretation of Stuart Mill and, in particular, of his psychology.)

  • Stout, G.F. (1893) ‘The Philosophy of Mr. Shadworth Hodgson’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 2: 107–120. (Text that introduces the decisive content-object (Inhalt-Gegenstand) distinction.)

  • Stout, G.F. (1896) Analytical Psychology, London: Sonnenschein. (Important text for the English reception of German psychology and the English anti-psychologism of the late nineteenth century, which develops the decisive Inhalt-Gegenstand distinction.)

  • Stumpf, C. (1892) ‘Psychologie und Erkenntnistheorie,’ Abhandlungen der Philosophisch-Philologischen Classe der königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften IXX, München: Verlag der K. Akademie. (Discussion with Neo-Kantianism about the psychological method and psychologism regarding the theory of knowledge that embodies an important ordering of the topic.)

  • Stumpf, C. (1939) Erkenntnislehre, Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2011. (Work that develops the concept of epistemology based on Brentano’s descriptive psychological method.)

  • Trendelenburg, A. (1843) Die logische Frage in Hegels System, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus. (Text that gives decisive contours to the logische Frage and plays a fundamental role in placing it at the centre of subsequent philosophical discussion.)

  • Windelband, W. (1880) Die Geschichte der neueren Philosophie in ihrem Zusammenhang mit der Allgemeinen Cultur und den besonderen Wissenschaften: Von Kant bis Hegel und Herbart, Leipzig: Druck und Verlag von Breitkopf und Härtel. (Important history of philosophy in the nineteenth century, decisive for the term ‘psychologism’ to take on a critical-condemnatory sense.)

  • Windelband, W. (1884) ‘Kritische oder genetische Methode?’, in Präludien: Aufsätze und Reden zur Einleitung in die Philosophie, Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Pauls Siebeck), 1907, pp. 247–279. (One of the foundational texts of Neo-Kantian anti-psychologism that exerted enormous influence.)

  • Wundt, W. (1893) Logik. Eine Untersuchung der Prinzipien der Erkenntnis und der Methode wissenschaftlichen Forschung, Tübingen: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke. (A classic of logical psychologism derived from the logische Frage.)

Further reading

  • Brisart, R. (ed.) (2002) Husserl et Frege. Les ambiguïtés de l’antipsychologisme, Paris: Vrin. (Important compilation of texts by several authors.)

  • Gyemant, M. (ed.) (2015) Psychologie et psychologisme, Paris: Vrin. (Important compilation of texts by several authors.)

  • Gurland-Eljaschoff, E. (1910) Erkenntnistheoretische Studien auf anti-psychologistischer Grundlage. Erster Teil. Die Voraussetzungen des modernen Psychologismus und der Ausgangspunkt Kants, inaugural dissertation, Bern: Buchdruckerei Scheitlin and Co. (Classic study of the Psychologismusstreit by one of its participants and contemporary with a critical perspective on anti-psychologism.)

  • Heidegger, M. (1914) ‘Die Lehre vom Urteil im Psychologismus. Ein kritisch-positiver Beitrag zur Logik’, in Frühe Schriften, Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1972. (Text that shows the problem of psychologism as an important starting point of Heidegger’s thinking with a decisive position on the Brentano school.)

  • Jacquette, D. (ed.) (2003) Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism: Critical and Historical Readings on the Psychological Turn in Philosophy, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. (Important compilation of texts by several authors about psychologism and Psychologismusstreit.)

  • Kusch, M. (1995) Psychologism: A Case Study in the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge, London: Routledge. (One of the most complete monographs on the subject with an essential reconstruction of the discussion unleashed by the Husserlian Prolegomena.)

  • Michaltschew, D. (1909) Philosophische Studien. Beiträge zur Kritik des modernen Psychologismus, Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. (Another classic study of the Psychologismusstreit by one of its participants and contemporary with critical perspective on anti-psychologism.)

  • Moog, W. (1919) Logik, Psychologie, Psychologismus. Wissenschaftssystematischen Untersuchungen, Halle: Niemeier. (Another classic study of the Psychologismusstreit by one of its participants and contemporary with critical perspective on anti-psychologism.)

  • Notturno, M.A. (ed.) (1989) Perspectives on Psychologism, Leiden, New York, Kobenhavn, and Köln: E.J. Brill. (Important compilation of texts by several authors about psychologism and Psychologismusstreit.)

  • Rath, M. (1994) Der Psychologismusstreit in der deutschen Philosophie, Freiburg and München: Alber. (One of the most complete monographs on the subject.)

  • Scheler, M. (1901) ‘Die transzendentale und die psychologische Methode. Eine grundsätzliche Erörterung zur philosophischen Methodik’, in M. Scheler and M.S. Frings (eds), Frühe Schriften, Bern: Francke, 1971, pp. 197–336. (Classic study of the Psychologismusstreit as contemporary to the Husserlian Prolegomena.)

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Porta, Mario González. Bibliography. Psychologism, 2020, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-DC121-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis, https://www.rep.routledge.com/articles/thematic/psychologism/v-1/bibliography/psychologism-bib.
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