DOI: 10.4324/9780415249126-A112-1
Version: v1,  Published online: 1998
Retrieved November 15, 2019, from

References and further reading

  • Arnim, H. von (1903–5) Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta (Fragments of the Early Stoics), Leipzig: Teubner, with vol. 4, indexes, by M. Adler, 1924.

    (The standard collection of early Stoic fragments, in Greek and Latin, commonly abbreviated as SVF.)

  • Atherton, C. (1993) The Stoics on Ambiguity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Outstanding rediscovery of a sophisticated theory; technically demanding.)

  • Brunschwig, J. (1978) Les Stoïciens et leur logique (The Stoics and their Logic), Paris: Vrin.

    (Important collection of papers.)

  • Burnyeat, M.F. (1982) ‘Gods and Heaps’, in Language and Logos, ed. M. Schofield and M. Nussbaum, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 315–38.

    (Classic study of Stoic treatment of the Sorites; see §11.)

  • Cicero, M.T. (46) Stoic Paradoxes, in On Stoic Good and Evil: ‘De finibus’ 3 and ‘Paradoxa Stoicorum’, trans. M.R. Wright, Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1991.

    (Latin text with English translation and notes; short declamations defending six Stoic moral paradoxes.)

  • Cicero, M.T. (45) On Ends, book III, in On Stoic Good and Evil: ‘De finibus’ 3 and ‘Paradoxa Stoicorum’, trans. M.R. Wright, Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1991.

    (Latin text with English translation and notes; an outstandingly lucid defence of Stoic ethics.)

  • Cicero, M.T. (45) On the Nature of the Gods, trans. H. Rackham, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1933.

    (Latin text with English translation; books II–III are a report and critique of Stoic theology.)

  • Cicero, M.T. ( early 44 ) On Divination, trans. W.A. Falconer, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1923.

    (Latin text with English translation; defence, followed by a critique, of Stoic belief in divination.)

  • Cicero, M.T. ( mid 44 ) On Fate, trans. R.W. Sharples, Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 1991.

    (Latin text with English translation; includes much of our best information on the Stoic doctrine of fate, see also §§20–1.)

  • Colish, M.L. (1985) The Stoic Tradition from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. I, Stoicism in Classical Latin Literature Leiden: Brill.

    (A very thorough survey of Stoic influence.)

  • Diogenes Laertius (c. early 3rd century ) Lives of the Philosophers, trans. R.D. Hicks, Diogenes Laertius Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1925, 2 vols.

    (Greek text with English translation; book VII, in volume 2, contains the lives of the leading Stoics, along with much doxographical and other information.)

  • Dragona- Monachou, M. (1976) The Stoic Arguments for the Existence and Providence of the Gods, Athens: National University Press.

    (Valuable study of Stoic theological arguments.)

  • Epp, R.H. (1985) Spindel Conference 1984: Recovering the Stoics, suppl. vol. 23, Southern Journal of Philosophy.

    (Collection of articles on Stoicism, together with a comprehensive bibliography.)

  • Erskine, A. (1990) The Hellenistic Stoa, London: Duckworth.

    (A challenging reinterpretation of Stoic political thought and practice.)

  • Frede, M. (1974) Die stoische Logik (Stoic Logic), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

    (The best study of Stoic logic.)

  • Hülser, K. (1987) Die Fragmente zur Dialektik der Stoiker (The Fragments on the Dialectic of the Stoics), Stuttgart and Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 4 vols.

    (State-of-the-art collection, with German translation and commentary, of the texts bearing on Stoic dialectic; abbreviated as FDS.)

  • Inwood, B. (1985) Ethics and Human Action in Early Stoicism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Among the most valuable studies of Stoic ethics.)

  • Inwood, B. and Gerson, L.P. (1988) Hellenistic Philosophy, Introductory Readings, Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.

    (Includes a large body of primary texts on Stoicism, in translation.)

  • Kneale, W. and Kneale, M. (1962) The Development of Logic, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    (Contains what is still among the best evaluations of Stoic logic.)

  • Long, A.A. (1971) Problems in Stoicism, London: Athlone.

    (Collection of articles, some seminal.)

  • Long, A.A. (1974) Hellenistic Philosophy, London: Duckworth.

    (Includes what in most ways is still the best introductory study of Stoicism; very accessible.)

  • Long, A.A. (1996) Stoic Studies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Almost complete collection of articles by the leading post-war specialist in Stoicism.)

  • Long, A.A. and Sedley, D.N. (1987) The Hellenistic Philosophers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    (Volume 1 contains Stoic sources in translation with commentary; volume 2 has the original texts.)

  • Mates, B. (1961) Stoic Logic (2nd edn; 1st edn 1953), Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

    (Largely superseded by Frede (1974), but still an exceptionally lucid and helpful introduction.)

  • Nussbaum, M. (1994) The Therapy of Desire, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    (An eloquent defence of the Stoic intellectualist treatment of emotions, see also §19.)

  • Pohlenz, M. (1959) Die Stoa, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2nd edn, 2 vols; 1st edn, 1948.

    (The classic study of the school, still not fully superseded; later editions do not alter the main text.)

  • Rist, J.M. (1978) The Stoics, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

    (First-rate collection of papers; includes valuable introductory accounts of Stoic cosmology and logic.)

  • Sambursky, S. (1959) Physics of the Stoics, New York: Macmillan.

    (A classic attempt to link Stoic to modern physics.)

  • Sandbach, F.H. (1975) The Stoics, London: Chatto & Windus.

    (An outstandingly accessible introduction.)

  • Sandbach, F.H. (1985) Aristotle and the Stoics, Cambridge: Cambridge Philological Society.

    (Seminal but controversial critique of the view that Stoicism was indebted to Aristotle.)

  • Sedley, D. (1982) ‘The Stoic Criterion of Identity’, Phronesis 27: 255–75.

    (On the Growing Argument and the ‘categories’; see also §6.)

  • Sextus Empiricus ( 2nd century ) Against the Professors, books VII–XI, trans. R.G. Bury, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press and London: Heinemann, 1935–6.

    (Greek text with English translation; contains extensive reports of Stoic doctrine and argument.)

Citing this article:
Sedley, David. Bibliography. Stoicism, 1998, doi:10.4324/9780415249126-A112-1. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor and Francis,
Copyright © 1998-2019 Routledge.

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